Description: An IUD – also known as a Coil – is a small plastic and copper device, usually shaped like a ‘T’, which is fitted into the woman’s uterus by a doctor using a simple procedure. It works by preventing an egg from settling in the womb. An IUD can stay in place for 3 years – sometimes up to 10. It can also be used as an emergency method of contraception within five days of unprotected intercourse. The doctor who fits the device should show you how to check it by feeling for the threads attached to it.
Advantages: You do not need to think about it once it is in place and it last for a long time.
Considerations: It offers no protection from sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDS. There is a higher risk of infection for women with more than one partner. It may cause heavier, more painful periods.
Availability: It can only be fitted by a doctor. This can easily be done by your GP, a family planning clinic, or from a Brook (if under 25) clinic.
Effectiveness: It is 98%-99% effective.
Description: this form of IUD works like a regular IUD but has a flexible row of copper beads instead of a rigid frame. It’s attached to the uterus wall by a fine nylon thread which makes it less likely to be expelled by the body.
Considerations: It offers no protection from sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDS. There is also a higher risk of infection for women with more than one partner.
Availability: It must be fitted by a doctor. This can be done by your GP, at a family planning clinic or at a local Brook (if under 25) clinic.
Effectiveness: It is more than 99%.